Morphology and magnetic properties of lanthanum (La3+) substituted manganese, chromium nano ferrites

Hayder Abdulameer Abbas, Adnan Hussein Ali, Ban Mohammad Hasan


Several studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of Lanthanum (La3+) ion substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of manganese-chromium (Mn-Cr) ferrite of chemical formula Mn LaxCr Fe2O4(x=0.0, 0.25 and 0.5). Such studies have made efforts to improve the magnetic and structural properties of manganese-chromium (Mn-Cr) ferrite by using lanthanum substituted nano ferrites and then synthesized using the sol-gel method and annealed at a temperature of 700oC. The changes that occurred in the structure of the nano ferrites as a result of lanthanum substitution were identified using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Based on Debye-Scherrer equation, the XRD data were used in measuring the particle sizes of different diffraction and average crystallite size by means of Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). In analyzing the morphology of the nano ferrites, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used, elemental compassion was studied using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), and the average particle diameter was determined using Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies. FTIR spectral analysis of the prepared samples under investigations revealed the formation of a single phase spherical particles. Two important absorption bands were observed; one (ν1) around 556 cm-1, which is attributed to the intrinsic vibrations of tetrahedral complexes, while the other low frequency band (ν2) was around 430 cm-1, and attributed to octahedral complexes.

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