Simulation of adaptive power management circuit for hybrid energy harvester and real-time sensing application

M. S. Tamrin, M. R. Ahmad

Abstract


Many wireless sensor network (WSN) applications, nowadays, require real-time communication, which demands cautious design consideration to resolve inherent conflicts between energy efficiency and the need to meet Quality of Services (QoS), such as end-to-end delay communications. Numerous innovative solutions are proposed such as Real-time Power-Aware Routing (RPAR) protocol, which dynamically adapts transmission power to meet specified communication delays at low energy cost. Hence, to enable real-time communication with RPAR protocol, an adaptive Power Management Circuit (PMC) using hybrid energy harvester to support WSN real-time communication is proposed. In this paper, a high-level architecture of the proposed PMC is discussed, which consists of Thermal Energy Generator (TEG), and Piezoelectric Energy Harvester (PEG) as energy providers, with low-power Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) feature enabled. Preliminary simulations which analyze and characterize TEG and PEG system are conducted separately to determine the optimal design parameters to support the conventional WSN QoS requirement. Next, both systems will be integrated into a single PMC implementation prior to fabrication and lab characterization.

References


J. J. Estrade-Lopez, A. Abuellil, Z. Zeng, and E.S. Sinencio, “Multiple Input Energy Harvesting for Autonomous IoT End-Nodes,” Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications, March 2018.

L. Atzori, A. Iera, and G. Morabito, "The Internet of Things: A survey" in Computer Networks, Issue 15, vol. 54, pp. 2787-2805, October 2010.

O. Chipara O, H. Zhimin, X. Guoliang, C. Qin, W. Xiaorui, L. Chenyang, S. John, and A. Tarek, “Real-time Power Aware Routing in Sensor Networks,” IEEE, 2006.

C. Mario, G.C. Daniel, F. Francisco F, and K. Xianjie, “New challenges of real-time wireless sensor networks: Theory and applications,” International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, September 2016.

S. Cao, and L. Jianqing, “A survey on ambient energy sources and harvesting methods for structural health monitoring applications,” Advances in Mechanical Engineering, vol.9(4) 1-14, 2017.

M. Alhawari, D. Kilani, M. Baker, S. Hani, and M. Ismail, “An Efficient Thermal Energy Harvesting for Power Management for uWatt Wearable Biochips,” IEEE, 2016.

H. Lhermet, C. Condemine, M. Plissonnier, and R. Salot, “Efficient Power Management Circuit: Thermal Energy Harvesting to Above-IC Microbattery Energy Storage,” IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2007.

L.E. Trong Nhan, P. Alain, S. Olivier, B. Olivier, and B. Cecile, “Duty-Cycle Power Manager for Thermal-Power Wireless Sensor Networks,” 2013 IEEE 24th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications: MAC and Cross-Layer Design Track, 2013.

E.J. Yoon, J.T. Park, and C.G. Yu, “Thermal energy harvesting circuit with maximum power point tracking control for self-powered sensor node applications,” Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, February 2018.

N. Kong, T. Chchran, D. Sm-Ha, H. C. Lin, and D.J. Inman, “A Self-powered Power Management Circuit, for Energy Harvested by a Piezoelectric Cantilever,” IEEE, pp. 215-2160, 2010.

E. Lefeuvre, J. Wei, H. Mathias, and F. Costa, “Single-Switch Inductorless Power Management Circuit for Electrostatic Vibration Energy Harvesters” IEEE 13th International New Circuits and System Conferences (NEWCAS), June 2015.

R.Y. Kim, and J.S. Lai, “A seamless mode transfer maximum power point tracking controller for thermoelectric generator applications,” IEEE Trans Power Electron, 2008.

A.A. Abdulrazzaq, and A.H. Ali, “Efficiency Performances of Two MPPT Algorithms for PV Systems With Different Solar Panels Irradiances,” International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System (IJPEDS), vol.9(4) pp 1755-1764, 2018.

Y.K. Ramadass, and A.P. Chandrakasan, “A battery-less thermoelectric energy harvesting interface circuit with 35mV startup voltage,” IEEE J Sol-State Circ, 2011.

W. Danang, and L.H. Pratomo, “Impedance Matching Method in Two-Stage Converters for Single Phase PV-Grid System,” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, August 2015.

J. Kim, and C. Kim, “A DC-DC boost converter with variation tolerant MPPT technique and efficient ZCS circuit for thermoelectric energy harvesting applications,” IEEE Trans Power Electron, 2013.

B. Athira, V. Greeshma. J. Johnson, “Analysis of Different MPPT Techniques,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics, and Instrumentation Engineering, vol.5, March 2016.

J. Ahmad, “Fractional open circuit voltage based maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic arrays,” In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Software Technology and Engineering, San Juan, PR, USA, vol. 1, pp. V1-247–V1-250, October 2010.

C. Vanhecke, L. Assouère, A. Wang, P. Durand-Estèbe, F. Caignet, et al., “Multisource and Battery-free Energy Harvesting Architecture for Aeronautics Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, vol.30 (6), pp.3215-3227, 2015.

D. Carli, D. Brunelli, L. Benini, and M. Ruggeri, “An effective multi-source energy harvester for low power applications,” Design, Automation & Test, March 2011.

H. Li, G. Zhang, R. Ma, and Z. You, “Design and Experimental Evaluation on an Advanced Multisource Energy

Harvesting System for Wireless Sensor Nodes,” Sci. World J, 2014.

Y.K. Tan, and S.K. Panda, “Energy Harvesting from Hybrid Indoor Ambient Light and Thermal Energy Sources

for Enhanced Performance of Wireless Sensor Nodes,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 58, 4424–4435, 2011.

H. Lhermet, C. Condemine, M. Plissonnier, R. Salot, P. Audebert, and M. Rosset, “Efficient Power Management Circuit: Thermal Energy Harvesting to Above-IC Micro battery Energy Storage,” IEEE International Digest of Technical Papers Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 62–587, 2008.

S.A. Abd. Hamid, E.H Majlan, R.E. Rosli, W.R. Wan Daud, R. Mohamed, T. Husaini, and R. Sitanggang, “Energy Management Strategy for A Fuel Cell/Ultra capacitor/Battery Hybrid System for Portable Applications,” Malaysia Journal of Analytical Sciences, April 2016.

T. Kang, S. Kim, C. Hyoung, S. Kang, and K. Park, “An Energy Combiner for a Multi-Input Energy-Harvesting

System,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II Express Briefs 62, 911–915, 2015.

S.S. Iswanto, F. Mujahid, K.T. Putra, N.P. Apriyanto, and Y. Apriani, “Energy Harvesting on Footsteps Using Piezoelectric based on Circuit LCT3588 and Boost up Converter,” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), vol.8(6) pp. 4104-4110, December 2018.

M.S. Woo, J.H. Ahn, J.H. Eom, W.S. Hwang, J.H. Kim, C.H. Yang, G.J. Song, S.D. Hong, J.P. Jhun, and T.H. Sung, “Study on increasing output current of piezoelectric energy harvester by fabrication of multilayer thick film,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, pp 524-534, 2018.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i2.pp%25p
Total views : 33 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.