Fundamental elements of Constant Volt/Hertz Induction Motor Drives

Siti Nursyuhada Mahsahirun, Nik Rumzi Nik Idris, Zulkifli Md. Yusof

Abstract


An induction motor (IM) has been the workhorse of the industry for decades. It is due to its robustness, simple construction, requiring less maintenance and cheap. One of the most widely adopted IM drive control schemes for industrial applications is the open-loop constant V/Hz. In this paper, the important elements of an open-loop constant V/Hz drives are presented. These include the fundamental concept of a constant V/Hz scheme, the voltage source inverter (VSI) and its modulation schemes. Techniques that are commonly used to solve problems of low-speed operation and rotor speed regulation are briefly described. Simulations using Matlab/SIMULINK package are used to help in illustrating these fundamental concepts. Finally, simple laboratory-scale experiments are conducted to implement the constant V/Hz control scheme on a ¼ hp induction motor. This paper is aimed to provide an intuitive discussion for practicing engineers who are interested in attaining the concepts of a constant V/Hz IM motor drive.

References


K. S. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. H. Park, J. M. Kim, and J. Y. Choi, “Experimental and Analytical Study of Single-Phase Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor Considering End-Ring Porosity Rate,” IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 53, no. 11, 2017.

N. Tesla, “A new system of alternate current motors and transformers,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 165–173, Feb-1984.

W. Leonhard, “Field orientation for controlling AC machines - Principle and application,” in Third International Conference on Power Electronics and Variable-Speed Drives, 1988.

I. Takahashi and Y. Ohmori, “High-performance direct torque control of an induction motor,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 257–264, 1989.

G. Sieklucki, “An Investigation into the Induction Motor of Tesla Model S Vehicle,” in 2018 International Symposium on Electrical Machines (SME), 2018, pp. 1–6.

T. Alban and A. Billaud, “Selection and Tests Of Innovative Variable Speed Motor-Compressor Solutions For A 55mw Full Electric Offshore Platform Maximizing Availability And Efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. PP, no. c, p. 1, 2019.

O. Tikhonova, I. Malygin, and A. Plastun, “Electromagnetic calculation for induction motors of various designs by ’ ’ANSYS Maxwell,” in 2017 International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Applications and Manufacturing, 2017.

A. V Radun, “Development of Dynamic Magnetic Circuit Models Including Iron Saturation and Losses,” IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1–10, 2014.

G. R. Slemon, “Modelling of induction machines for electric drives,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1126–1131, 1989.

K. Sheng, B. W. Williams, X. He, Z. Qian, and S. J. Finney, “Measurement of IGBT switching frequency limits,” in 30th Annual IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 376–380.

Z. J. Shen and I. Omura, “Power semiconductor devices for hybrid, electric, and fuel cell vehicles,” in Proceedings of the IEEE, 2007, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 778–789.

M. Weinmann, S. Zeh, and N.-V. Olarescu, “EP2536019A1: Method for controlling an inverter,” 2012.

A. B. David, T. A. Nergaard, and H. Hofmann, “US7821224: Voltage estimation feedback of overmodulated signal for an electrical vehicle,” 2008.

H. W. Van Der Broeck, H.-C. Skudelny, and G. V. Stanke, “Analysis and Realization of a Pulsewidth Modulator Based on Voltage Space Vectors,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 142–150, 1988.

S. R. Bowes, “New sinusoidal pulsewidth-modulated invertor,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng., vol. 122, no. 11, p. 1279, 1975.

H. W. Van Der Broeck, H.-C. Skudelny, and G. V. Stanke, “Analysis and Realization of a Pulsewidth Modulator Based on Voltage Space Vectors,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 24, no. 8716204, pp. 142–150, 1988.

S. Ogasawara, H. Akagi, and A. Nabae, “A novel PWM scheme of voltage source inverters based on space vector theory,” Arch. für Elektrotechnik, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 33–41, 1990.

E. Clarke, Circuit Analysis of A-C Power Systems; Symmetrical and Related Components Volume 1. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1943.

R. H. Park, “Two-Reaction Theory of Synchronous Machines: Generalized Method of Analysis-Part I,” Trans. Am. Inst. Electr. Eng., vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 716–727, 1929.

A. Tripathi and G. Narayanan, “Influence of three-phase symmetry on pulsating torque in induction motor drives,” in 2016 7th India International Conference on Power Electronics (IICPE), 2016, pp. 1–6.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i4.pp%25p
Total views : 201 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.