Optimal PID controller of a brushless dc motor using genetic algorithm

Muhammed A. Ibrahim, Ausama Kh. Mahmood, Nashwan Saleh Sultan


Brushless DC (BLDC) motor is commonly employed for many industrial applications due to their high torque and efficiency. This article produces an optimal designed controller of Brushless DC motor speed control depending on the genetic algorithm (GA). The optimization method is used for searching of the ideal Proportional–Integral-Derivative (PID) factors. The controller design methods of brushless DC motor includes three kinds: trial and error PID design, auto-tuning PID design and genetic algorithm based controller design. A PID controller is utilizing by conducted Integral absolute error criterion (IAE) and integral squared error (ISE) error criterion for BLDC motor control system. A GA-PID controller is designed to enhance the system performance by means of genetic algorithm. PID controller coefficients are calculated by GA to produce optimal PID as  hybrid PID with GA controller .The closed loop speed response of PID controller is experimented  for IAE and ISE error criteria. The suggested controller GA_PID is planned, modeled and simulated by MATLAB/ software program. A comparison output system performance monitored for every controller schemes. The results display that the time characteristics performance of GA-PID controller based on ISE objective function has the optimal performance (rise time, settling time, percentage overshoot) with other techniques.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v10.i2.pp822-830


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