An ELM-based single input rule module and its application in power generation

Chong Tak Yaw, Shen Young Wong, Keem Sian Yap

Abstract


Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) is widely known as an effective learning algorithm than the conventional learning methods from the point of learning speed as well as generalization. In traditional fuzzy inference method which was the "if-then" rules, all the input and output objects were assigned to antecedent and consequent component respectively. However, a major dilemma was that the fuzzy rules' number kept increasing until the system and arrangement of the rules became complicated. Therefore, the single input rule modules connected type fuzzy inference (SIRM) method where consociated the output of the fuzzy rules modules significantly. In this paper, we put forward a novel single input rule modules based on extreme learning machine (denoted as SIRM-ELM) for solving data regression problems. In this hybrid model, the concept of SIRM is applied as hidden neurons of ELM and each of them represents a single input fuzzy rules. Hence, the number of fuzzy rule and the number of hidden neuron of ELM are the same. The effectiveness of proposed SIRM-ELM model is verified using sigmoid activation functions based on several benchmark datasets and a NOx emission of power generation plant.  Experimental results illustrate that our proposed SIRM-ELM model is capable of achieving small root mean square error, i.e., 0.027448 for prediction of NOx emission.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i1.pp359-366

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