Performance improvement of the variable speed wind turbine driving a DFIG using nonlinear control strategies

Chojaa Hamid, A. Derouich, T. Hallabi, O. Zamzoum, M. Taoussi, S. Rhaili, O. Boulkhrachef

Abstract


In this research paper, a nonlinear Backstepping controller has been proposed in order to improve the dynamic performance of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based Wind Energy conversion System, connected to the grid through a back-to-back converter. Firstly, an overall modeling of proposed system has been presented. Thereafter, three control techniques namely backstepping (BSC), sliding mode (SMC) and field-oriented control (FOC) using a conventional PI regulator have been designed in order to control the stator active and reactive powers of the DFIG. In addition, the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) strategy has been investigated in this work with three mechanical speed controllers: BSC, SMC and PI controller with the aim of making a synthesis and a comparison between their performances to determine which of those three techniques is more efficient to extract the maximum power. Finally, a thorough comparison between the adopted techniques for the DFIG control has been established in terms of response time, rise time, total harmonic distortion THD (%) of the stator current, static errors and robustness. The effectiveness and robustness of each control approach has been implemented and tested under MATLAB/Simulink environment by using a 1.5 MW wind system model.

Keywords


Backstepping controller; DFIG; Field oriented control; MPPT strategy; Sliding mode approach; Wind energy

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v12.i4.pp2470-2482

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