Particle swarm optimisation for reactive power compensation on Oman 6 bus electrical grid

Adnan Saif Al Mamari, Siti Fauziah Toha, Salmiah Ahmad, Ali Salim Al Mamari


The consistent problem with operators and planners for power systems has been related to minimizing transmission losses. An important role is played by reactive power by keeping voltage stability and reliability in the system in order to support the transfer of real power. The optimal reactive power dispatch is associated with the problem of non-linear optimization along with many constraints. In this paper, a study is highlighted for an algorithm that optimizes reactive power with the help of particle swarm algorithm and compare the result with Newton-Raphson method. Reduction of system active power loss is the goal of the function in the projected algorithm. Here, the control variables identified are transformer tap positions, generator bus voltages, and shunt capacitor banks with switch. This projected algorithm is performed on Oman 6 bus electrical grid as oman electricity transmission company has an instability voltage issue in chosen 6 bus.


Load flow algorithm; Newton-Raphson; Particle swarm optimization; Reactive power compensation; Voltage stability

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