Fuzzy logic control based maximum power point tracking technique in standalone photovoltaic system

Muhammad Hasbi Azmi, Siti Zaliha Mohammad Noor, Suleiman Musa


This study describes the development of a smart technique for tracking the highest power point on a standalone photovoltaic (SAPV) system when temperature and irradiance conditions are changing using fuzzy logic control (FLC). The PV systems comprises of a PV array, a boost converter, a controller for tracking the maximum power point, and an inverter to power the AC loads. The FLC-based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is proposed because the technique is not complex and does not need a deep comprehension of the particular model of the system. Furthermore, the technique is efficient and fast response in tracking maximum power (MP) from the PV array. The technique overcame the limitation of the conventional MPPT technique that resulted in slow tracking of the MP and was not accurate on the optimal position of the PV array output power. The SAPV system is integrated with the sealed lead acid (SLA) battery bank as an alternative power source and makes up for power shortages by supplying energy to the load without interruption during power shortages. A system for managing the battery has been included in the system to preserve the battery's longevity by controlling the battery's charging process. The PV system is able to supply single-phase output AC voltage of 230 Vrms and has low total harmonic distortion (THD) that is suitable for home appliances. The achieved simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the suggested fuzzy logic controller in tracking the MPP.


fuzzy logic control; DC-DC boost converter; MPPT; standalone photovoltaic; sealed lead-acid

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v14.i2.pp1110-1120


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