Steady state stability assessment of voltage source converter in a DC microgrid under weak grid conditions

Ganeshan Viswanathan, Govindanayakanapalya Venkatagiriyappa Jayaramaiah


Traditionally, steady-state assessment involves analyzing numerous variables using Eigen analysis. This paper presents a decision support application for diagnosing the steady-state assessment of droop-controlled voltage source inverters in islanded microgrid operations or weak grid operations with reduced input attributes. This paper proposes an approach using feature extraction from the state space variables of the droop-controlled voltage source inverter (VSI). Photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy sources are considered with their stipulated power-delivering capability considered. To improve the generalization of the predictive model, preprocessing techniques are employed to eliminate data distortions. Dimensionality reduction is achieved through principal component analysis (PCA) applied to the steady-state variables. The evaluation of the VSI's steady-state stability is conducted utilizing support vector classification algorithm. To ascertain the reliability of the steady-state stability classification, an assessment of the support vector machine (SVM) model's performance is carried out, which includes the examination of metrics like the area under the curve (AUC) and the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve. The findings from the assessment of VSI's steady-state stability indicate a commendable level of performance, achieving an accuracy rate of 93.5%.


droop controller; islanded microgrid; steady-state stability assessment; support vector machine; voltage source inverters

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