Renewable energy generation system connected to micro grid and analysis of energy management: a critical review

Pranita Rathod, Sanjoy Kumar Mishra, Sujit Kumar Bhuyan

Abstract


Renewable Energy Generations have been utilized in many places such as industries, homes, and other sectors so as to enable the fast requirement of load demand. Above all it is pollution free and abundantly available across many parts of the world. The generation cost is surprisingly less now a days. As one renewable energy source individually like solar or wind is not sufficient enough to provide continuous energy to the grid because of some constraint of weather condition. Sometimes solar generation can’t generate whereas wind power can generate. But the better choice is to consider both solar and wind power. The author suggested to consider a hybrid mode (more than two renewable energy sources connected together) and its impact so as to deliver the energy to the grid in a continuous manner. Thus a proposed hybrid renewable generation system is considered on the basis of energy management strategy to provide continuous and reliable supply to the grid. This is needed to maintain the continuous supply of energy as per the load requirement of the grid. If any adverse situation arises then there is a provision of an alternate energy storage system which may work as a backup generation system. Therefore, a detail study of different component of renewable energy and alternate sources of power generation connected together in a hybrid mode so as to provide continuous, reliable and cost effective to provide the energy to the grid under adverse situation of load demand. This paper will be helpful for new researcher to access power management strategy of different sources while connected to grid. As the power management in a hybrid renewable energy generation is very difficult to study, so authors have taken an attempt to analyse one by one to consider various factors for designing well advanced hybrid renewable energy system.

Keywords


energy management; hybrid renewable energy; lithium batteries; solid oxide fuel cell; super capacitor



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v13.i1.pp%25p

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